What is CBN in Cannabis, and how does it differ from CBD?
As a reader who has some background knowledge on hundreds of cannabis constituents’ cannabinoids, CBD or Cannabidiol might be an all too familiar term. But it is relatively rare to find people who are equally aware of another vital cannabis constituent compound: CBN or cannabinol. The parent category of cannabinoids is basically chemical compounds that interact and bind to special body receptors, which experts refer to as the endocannabinoid system. So, don’t worry if CBN is something totally new to you, as most people using cannabis for medical purposes are incredibly familiar with CBD instead. However, this article will get you up to the ground.
Not only to you but also to scientists and medical experts, CBN is something that they have stumbled upon only in the recent past. There are some studies on CBN, but they are significantly small in number. As per initial indications suggested by medical studies, CBN minimizes pain and provides a general sedating effect. Before we proceed further, let’s briefly examine the differences between CBD and CBN, as the two have some overlapping medical benefits.
Use and Benefit of CBD
CBD is characterized by being non-psychoactive, or in other words, it does not lead to a high like THC. The typical use of CBD treats people suffering from conditions like anxiety and pain, amongst others. Unfortunately, the existing body of CBD studies is not exhaustive. But, the ones we do have on record suggest a high safety profile for the cannabis chemical constituent. You can find CBD in several forms, including:
- Tinctures and oils
- Pills and capsules
- Lotions and creams
- And of course, vape
Some important medical uses of CBD are as
- Managing depression and anxiety
- Controlling seizures and
protecting the neural system
- Parkinson’s disease (research
still going on)
- Alzheimer’s disease (research
still going on)
- Epilepsy (research still going
- Multiple sclerosis (research
still going on)
- Quality sleep
- Pain relief
- Treating Cancer
Use and Benefit of CBN
Scientists derive the CBN chemical by
breaking down the psychoactive THC cannabinoid. So unlike CBD, CBN is indeed
psychoactive, albeit in a mild and negligible manner. That means, in all
probability, CBN will not give you the high of THC.
The proportion between research studies of
CBD and CBN is not proportionate. The truth is experts and scientists have paid
little attention to CBN in their research. But that does not affect their
positive effects. CBN has already gained a reputation as a sleeping aid.
Admittedly, the lack of research on CBN is quite unfortunate. The chemical
holds excellent promise as a healing substance if the preliminary studies are
anything to go by. CBN is commonly used for its benefits in the following cases:
Most people who have taken CBN work like
magic to ensure a more comfortable, deeper sleep. But as far as research is
concerned, only one study suggests that CBN might potentially be a good
sedative. The research dates back to 1975 and studied only five male subjects. The
study found that THC and CBN combined have enhanced sedative effects than the THC
A 2019 study on rats demonstrated the
effectiveness of both CBD and CBN in reducing the perception of myofascial pain
in rodents. Interestingly enough, the study observed how a mixture of CBN and
CBD was more effective in reducing pain than either of the drugs on its own. Thus,
the researchers concluded that the study suggests that administering CBD and
CBN can give you relief from pain resulting from fibromyalgia and
- Potential Protective Effects on
the Neural System
According to a relatively older study
conducted on rats in 2005, CBN appears to delay the occurrence of amyotrophic
lateral sclerosis (ALS). But it is not sure that the chemical has the same
effect on human beings too.
As per yet another rat study, CBN
apparently reduces inflammation resulting from arthritis. However, like its
neuroprotective effects, the present body of research cannot be sure that the
effects hold ground for human beings.
Essential Differences Between CBD and CBN?
CBD helps people suffering from the
- Depression and anxiety
- Sleep disorders
- Relief from pain
While CBN helps only in:
- Pain relief
Other Important Differences
It might be expected for ordinary folks to
confuse between the similarly sounding CBN and CBD. However, it is terribly essential
to distinguish between the two molecules.
- Differences in obtaining
methods of CBD and CBN
CBD is the second-largest cannabis
constituent compound. Therefore, CBD product manufacturers can create
particular cannabis breeds which provide a more significant amount of CBD. On
the other hand, CBN manufacturers cannot directly manipulate the amount of CBN
in a cannabis plant as it is the product of the breaking down of THC. However,
manufacturers are free to heat up the THC to increase the pace of THC dissolving
into the form of CBN.
While science has just started discovering CBD
and CBN, CBD is still miles ahead of CBN for medical expert attention.
CBD enjoys FDA approval as a means of
treatment of two rare types of epilepsy and TSC-resultant seizures.
- Differences Between CBD and CBN
in Terms of Side-Effects
Medical professionals and experts view CBD as
a relatively safe treatment means. But that doesn’t mean it doesn’t have side effects,
- Change in appetite
- Weight fluctuations
Further, if you mix doses some medicinal
drugs with CBD doses, it might damage the liver. These drugs include:
On the other hand, CBN has no known side
effects, but it is only natural as we know little about the chemical.
While CBN is indeed a potential drug with extraordinary
healing powers, you need Doctor’s advice before using it. Not only CBN but also
CBD or other supplement forms are best taken on medical advice. It is so mainly
because drugs often interact with each other, potentially making your condition
even worse. The last thing to note is that these are supplemental therapies and
not one’s that a doctor can take on their own.